Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in the joints and other parts of the body. It is a chronic condition that affects small joints in the hands and feet as well as larger joints in the arms or legs and can be difficult to manage. The cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, but genetics, environmental factors, and immune system abnormalities have been suggested as potential triggers.

Common symptoms


Pain in multiple joints, usually in hands.


Continuous fatigue, feeling tired, and listless.


Malaise, or the feeling of unease or sensations of nausea.

Limited motion

Limited range of motion


Swelling of the hands and feet

Various Symptoms

Fever, Weight loss, Anemia

Common treatment methods

Some medications used to treat rheumatoid arthritis include:



NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)


Physical therapy is also known to improve physical function and mobility of joints with exercise, massage, and other noninvasive treatments.

Immunosuppressants may have to be used to stop the immune system from attacking the body’s own tissue.

Frequently asked questions

How does rheumatoid arthritis differ from osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that affects the joints of the spine, hips, and other joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition that damages cartilage in the joints.

How do you prevent rheumatoid arthritis?

To prevent this disease from occurring, you need to avoid certain triggers. These triggers are usually food and lifestyle related such as smoking, alcohol consumption, lack of sleep or stress.

How long does rheumatoid arthritis last?

It typically lasts for 8-10 years. Severe cases can last for up to 20 years before it goes into remission.

Is rheumatoid arthritis permanent?

Unfortunately, yes. There is no permanent cure for rheumatoid arthritis. But with good diet, lifestyle, and an effective pain management program, it is possible to keep its effects to a minimum.

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