Ankle pain is caused by injuries, infections, arthritis, or degenerative conditions. It can be mild or severe depending on the severity of the injury. The most common cause of ankle pain is a sprain, which happens when ligaments in the ankle become stretched or torn. Other causes include arthritis, fractures and stress fractures, tarsal tunnel syndrome, ulnar nerve entrapment, or simply, poor biomechanics such as having your foot turned out too much.
- Swelling of the area around the ankles
- Tenderness and increased warmth
- Pain that worsens with movement
- Pain that worsens with weight bearing on that leg
- It becomes painful to stand on feet.
Common treatment methods
- Home care: Mild ankle pain can be treated with icing and ibuprofen for reducing inflammation or swelling.
- Rest and recuperation: Ankle pain can be treated with rest and using crutches to help with weight-bearing on the affected area.
- Physical therapy: It helps strengthen muscles so that they can support the ankle joint and reduce pain from a sprain or strain.
- Surgery: Severe cases and untreated ankle pain may require one or more surgeries.